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Journal of Human Development and Education for Specialized Research

About the Journal :

The Journal of Human Development and Education for Specialized Research is an academic journal issued by the Scientific Institute for Advanced Training and Studies. The aim of this journal is to disseminate serious studies based on theoretical and field research, and to promote multidisciplinary studies in human development, management and education for specialized research and become a leading journal in human development and education in the world. The Journal also aims at publishing theoretical and applied researches in the fields of human development and education for specialized research such as human resources management, business administration, communication sciences, development studies, economic sciences, education sciences, history, industrial relations, media sciences, psychology, Public administration, religious studies and others.



PROFESSIONAL AND CRAFT ORGANIZATIONS AND THEIR ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL ROLE IN THE ARAB ISLAMIC SOCIETY, FROM THE THIRD CENTURY AH TO THE SIXTH CENTURY AH.

ABSTRAC:

Professional organizations are workers' craft conglomerates that have appeared in the Arab Islamic society since the third century AH / 9th century A.D. and organized themselves in the form of administrative bodies, each unit independent of the other based on the craft, these organizations began to crystallize with the economic growth and development and the emergence of specialization in the markets, so it became Every market has a craft for which its owners meet, such as the blacksmiths, carpenters, merchants, butchers, sculptors, clothes and other crafts, and then the matter has evolved into organizing themselves to more like unions and bodies, with its laws and customs, and its administrative and social divisions, as it played a major economic, social and political role and had relations with the state authorities Islamic Arab is built on the basis of partnership and social and economic interest.

Keywords:organizations. Marketplaces. Socialite. Handworker. Baghdad